ДИСЦИПЛИНЫ

Раздел работ:

Политология


Тема: Tobacco regulate policies in Ukraine and Poland (compare view)
Тип: Реферат
Дата добавления: 2014-12-04 12:41:12
Автор:
Обьем: 13
Цена: 15 грн.

Содержание:

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

A BRIEF HISTORY OF GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF THE TABACCO REGULATE IN UKRAINE AND POLAND

 

POLICY GOALS AND IMPLEMENTATION PROBLEMS

 

EVALUATION AND RECOMMENDATION

 

CONCLUSION



Выводы:

At first I want to say that Poland`s experience has shown that the interaction of nongovernmental organizations and public institutions, the mass media and different international organizations can achieve the critical mass needed to make a breakthrough and overcome spread of cigarette and smoking that we can see during last year. But it’s possible to make a lot of new steps that can reduce tobacco consumption.

         Despite a sevenfold increase in the excise tax and a threefold increase in prices, there are still ample opportunities in Ukraine to reduce tobacco consumption through taxation policies, because excise tax rates in Ukraine exceed rates in the neighboring Russian Federation, Republic of Moldova and Belarus, they are still much lower than in neighboring EU countries.

         A few words about information and education campaign which demonstrate all dangers of smoking and its negative consequences. This sector is the most poorly developed in Ukraine and Poland also. Tobacco control issues have to be covered in various media: television, radio, print media, etc. Although media coverage of tobacco-related issues has recently improved, the tobacco issue is  still far from being a top propriety, but have to be.

         So, taking into account international Poland`s experience, experience of the last years and public opinion, it is recommended that the following policies and measures should be implemented in Ukraine:

-                    tobacco taxes and prices should be raised;

-                    tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship should be banned;

-                    people should be protected from second-hand tobacco smoke;

-                    the population should be warned about the dangers of tobacco:

• іnformation for tobacco consumers should be improved by increasing the size and number of health warnings and adding graphic images to them;

• awarenesscampaigns should be systematically conducted related to the health;

•risks of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke and raising support for tobacco regulate policies;

• рublic and private agencies and nongovernmental organizations not affiliated

-      people who want to stop using tobacco should be offered help.

-       the tobacco epidemic and prevention policies should be carefully monitored by national system of monitoring and epidemiological surveillance of tobacco consumption.



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